1. given to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behavior

2. subject to, led by or indicative of a sudden, odd notion or unpredictable change; erratic

3. tending to change abruptly and without apparent reason

Someone who is capricious often changes their mind unexpectedly.

Capricious is an adjective to describe a person or thing that’s impulsive and unpredictable, an example of which is a bride who suddenly leaves her groom standing at the altar.

– Vocabulary Dictionary

Part of Speech (POS)


FYI – Why is it important to know of what part of speech a word serves in a sentence?

Answer: Understanding the different parts of speech is important in understanding how words can and should be joined together to make sentences that are both grammatically correct and readable. An understanding of the parts of speech is also important for knowing how to correctly punctuate sentences.

Below are a few examples of how to use the word capricious correctly in a sentence:

• Because the weather here in Georgia is capricious, I always bring my jacket and umbrella with me whenever I leave my house. (Complex Sentence)

• John Bolton’s capricious television interview was raw and explosive, but some people question his motives for coming forward now instead of during the impeachment trial. (Compound Sentence).

• Although John’s fiancée is capricious, he is determined to marry her even though she has a reputation for being unreliable and at times a bit vindictive. (Compound-Complex Sentence)

• “John’s capricious fiancée never showed up at the alter on the day of their wedding,” said Stephanie. (Simple Sentence)

Other words forms of capricious

capriciously = adverb

capriciousness = noun

Here are a few synonyms for the word capricious. Remember, a synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase.

• fickle

• inconsistent

• temperamental

• inconstant

•  mercurial

•  unpredictable


1. On a fresh sheet of paper, write three complex sentences using the word capricious. (A complex sentence is a sentence that contains one independent and at least one dependent clause).

An independent clause is a complete thought that can stand alone as a sentence. A dependent clause is not a complete thought. It is a sentence that depends on the independent clause.

2. On that same sheet of paper, write two compound sentences using the word capricious. (A compound sentence is a sentence containing two (or more) independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction or semicolon.)

3. On that same sheet of paper, write two simple sentences using both the adverb and noun word forms for capricious.

4. After you have completed this assignment, please type your written sentences in the Leave a Reply/Leave a Comment section below (keep scrolling down).

5. Please review The 4 Types of Sentences workshop in our Basic Rules of Grammar category.

A member of our teaching staff will provide helpful feedback for the sentences you provide in the comment section below. If you have any questions related to this workshop, please feel free to post them below.

Writing Tip: Use the word during a conversation today. The more you familiarize yourself with this word, by consistently incorporating it in your vocabulary and writing, the easier it will be to remember the word. Figuratively speaking, you’ll own the word.

We hope you enjoyed this reading and writing workshop.

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