Prepositions

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Part of Speech (POS)

Part 7

Prepositions

Preposition = is a word used to link nouns,  pronouns, or phrases to other words within a sentence. Prepositions are usually short words with the majority having less than six letters. Prepositions are normally placed directly in front of nouns.

A preposition answers where something is, when something happens, and how things are related.

There are more than 100 prepositions in the English language. There are endless possibilities for creating prepositional phrases. Below are some examples of prepositional phrases and a list of some common prepositions.

● I prefer to read in the library.
● Go down the stairs and through the door.

● in = preposition
● down/through = prepositions

Examples of prepositional phrases:

● She arrived in time.
● We lived in the green house by the church.
● Mike forgot to clean under the bed.

List of prepositions = on,  in,  under,  off,  over,  at,  to,  by,  in, above,  near,   with.

Prepositions can be classified as:

● Simple prepositions = prepositions which consists of only one word e.g., – on, at, in

● Compound prepositions = prepositions which consists of two or more words e.g., – instead of, in the middle, by the side of.

Types of prepositions

There are three types of prepositions.

1. Time prepositions
2. Place prepositions
3. Direction prepositions

Time prepositions = are those such as before, after, during, at, on, in, after, until.

Examples of time prepositions in a sentence:

I was at the mall.
I was born on January 17, 2000.
After dinner, I went to bed.

Place prepositions = are those indicating position, such as around, between, and against, under, over, inside, outside, above and below.

Examples of place prepositions in a sentence:

The dog is on the couch.
Put the cake over there.
The cat is under the table.

Direction prepositions = are those indicative of direction, such as across, up, and down. Each type of preposition is important.

Examples of direction prepositions in a sentence:

● Go down stairs to the kitchen.
● Tiffany went up the stairs.
● James and Justin are running across the park.

Rules for using prepositions =

1. Prepositions must be used to make the relationships between words in a sentence clear.

2. Prepositions must be followed by a noun.

You can use a prepositions with verbs nouns and adjectives.

Here are some examples:

Preposition with a verb =
verb + to

● I go to New York city every year.

Verb + for

● I work for myself.

Preposition with a noun =

Here are some examples:

● I will always have respect for you.

● I’m interested in learning a foreign language.

● Her answer to the question was correct.

Preposition with an adjective =

Here are some examples:

● Mike is loving towards his wife.

● Tiffany is afraid of spiders.

● I was hurt by his comments.

Tip: An easy way to remember prepositions –  Prepositions are anywhere a mouse can go, i.e.,- above, below, next to, between, beyond, through, by, with etc.

Now, it’s time for you to test your knowledge on prepositions. Please complete the worksheet titled: Prepositions. You’ll find it on our website. Just click on the menu section, then select worksheets.

We hope you enjoyed this presentation!

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