Basic Rules of Grammar

Noun

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Part of Speech (POS)

Part 1

Noun

A noun is used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea. Nouns are usually the first words small children learn.

Each part of speech explains not what the word is, but how the word is used. In fact, the same word can be a noun in one sentence and a verb or adjective in the next.

A noun can function in a sentence as a subject, a direct object, an indirect object, a subject complement, an object complement, an appositive, an adjective or an adverb. 

Subject Complement =  Adjectives, Nouns, Pronouns, that follows a linking verb. e.g. – Tiffany is a gifted singer.

● Tiffany =  The subject
● is = linking verb
● Singer = Noun as a subject complement

The indirect object is the Noun or Pronoun that receives the direct object. e.g. – Tom sent his brother a postcard from the hotel.

● Brother = indirect object
● Postcard = direct object

Appositive:
An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it.

Appositive examples which rename insect

● The insect, a cockroach
● The insect, a large cockroach

Noun plurals =
Most nouns change their form to indicate number by adding “s” or “es”
e.g. – 

● box, and boxes 
● echo and echoes

Possessive nouns =  A noun or pronoun changes its form to show that it owns or is closely related to something else. Nouns become possessive by adding the apostrophe and the letter “s”.

Example

● The president’s red tie
● Kimberly’s house

* Noun Gender
Gender specific nouns are rarely used today, will skip examples of nouns being used in this way. For those interested in Learning more about gender nouns, will include a link below.

What are the seven types of nouns?

● Proper Nouns, Common Nouns, Concrete Nouns, Abstract Nouns, Countable Nouns, Non Countable Nouns, and Collective Nouns.

Proper Nouns = Have two distinct features. They name specific one-of-a-kind items, and they begin with capital letters, no matter where they occur in a sentence.
e.g. –

● I’m craving Oreos.
● Let’s go Buffalo.

● Common Nouns = Words used to name general items rather than specific ones. e.g. – What do you see? Chair, lamp, t.v., window etc.

● Concrete Nouns = things you can experience through your five senses i.e.- sight, hearing, touch, smell, taste.
Niagara Falls, ranch, milk etc.

● Abstract Nouns = Refer to ideas and Concepts. Nouns that you cannot see. e.g. – emotions, ideas, tenets and beliefs etc.
Love, hate, integrity.

● Countable Nouns = items that can be counted. e.g. – Here is a dog, here are a few dogs etc.

● Non Countable Nouns = nouns that come in a state or quality that is impossible to be counted. e.g. – sand, air etc.

● Collective Nouns =  are names for a collection or a number of people or things. Collective nouns are words for single things that are made up of more than one person animal, place, thing or idea. e.g. –

● Our class is going on a field trip.
● Everyone in the audience laughed.

For more information on today’s online writing workshop, please email dfoww. Our email address is: dfoww@comcast.net

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